
Why are NAND and NOR gates known as universal gates? Implement half adder circuit using NAND gates only.
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Define the terms for digital circuits: (i)Speed of operations, (ii) Figure of Merit (iii) Noise margin.
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Implement the expression using a multiplexer
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Show state diagram of 3 bit up/down counter. Design 3 bit up/down counter using T flipflop.
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Simply the expressions: (a)
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What is the major disadvantage of SR flipflop? How is this addressed in JK FipFlop ?
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Explain the term "logic family". Compare RTL and TTL logic.
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Simplify the following expression using Kmap: Y=m_{0} + m_{1} + m_{3} + m_{7} + m_{8} + m_{9} + m_{11} + m_{15}
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Prove the relationship:
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Explain (a) JK FlipFlop can be converted to T FlipFlop (b) race around condition
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Justify the statement: "JK FlipFlop is a universal FlipFlop".
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications..
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Write short notes on any two of the following: (i) RAM & ROM (ii) PLA
(iii) Modulo counters
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Q1 Attempt any five questions:
(a) Explain Parity Generation and checking process with example. (4)
(b) Explain Excess3, BCD and gray codes. Convert binary 1101 to
equivalent gray code and also convert Gray code 0111 to equivalent
Binary code.
(4)
(c) Perform the following conversions:
(3)
(i) (A3.1 E) 16 = 10
(ii) (532.03)s = ( )16
(d) Define fanin, fanout, propagation delay, noise margin and voltage
parameters.
(3)
(e) What is a D flip flop? Show how SR flip flop can be converted to D flip
flop?
(3)
(f) Explain the working of Serial in Serial Out shift right register.(4) (g) What is binary multiplier? Discuss the multiplier using shift method. (4)
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Q2 (a) Design the circuit of the Boolean Equation: Y =(A+B (A+C+D (A+B+CB using only NOR GATES.
(b) Why NAND & NOR Gates are called Universal Gates? How an AND
Gate can be implemented using only NOR Gates?
(c) Implement ExOR using NAND gates only.
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(a) Write the truth table for following logic function: (i) F=
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(a) Write the truth table for following logic function: (ii) F= M. N + M'N'P'
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(b) Find sumofproducts expression for each of the following: (i) F= x,y,z (1,3,5,6,7)
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(b) Find sumofproducts expression for each of the following: ii) F = A,B,C,D (4,5,6, 13, 15)
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(c) Design a full adder, write Truth table and solve their Boolean equation
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(a) Design a BinarytoGray Code converter.
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(b) Design a decoder circuit for seven segment display system.
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(c) Design a 4:1 MUX using logic gates.
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(a) Discuss the architecture of PAL.
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(b) Explain various flip flops with the truth table and circuit diagram.
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(a) What is race around condition? Explain.
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(b) Design and explain serialin serialout shift Register using DFF.
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(a) Design a 4 bit Asynchronous Binary Counter. Explain it.
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(b) Design and explain Johnson Counter.
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(a) Draw the inter diagram of 555 timer. Explain in detail.
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(b) Design a Actable multivibrator using 555 timer.
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(c) Explain Resister weighted ADC.
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(a) Explain organization & operation of RAM.
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(b) Explain TTL logic.
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(c) Discuss Propagation delay, setup and hold time.
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Write short note on: (a) CMOS
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Write short note on: (b) ECL
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Write short note on: (C) R2R Ladder DAC.
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Attempt any five from the following: (a) Design fuil subtractar circuit using NAND gate only..
b) Explain how transistor as a switch works? Give its use in logic circuits.
(c) Define Canint, fanout, propagation delay, noise margin and voltage
parameters
(d) Explain decoder and demultiplexer. Give their applications. (e) State the De Morgan's theorem and prove them with an example. (f) Define synchronous and asynchronous counters with their merit and
demerits.
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(b) Explain the operation and advantages of CMOS.
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(c) Prove
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(a) Design a conbinational circuit whose input is three bit number and whose output is equal to square of input and implement it using basic gates.
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(b) Explain briefly the BCD to seven segment decoder.
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a) Design a full adder circuit using Multiplexer.
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(b) Implement the ExOR gate equation with NAND gates only.
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(a) Draw the logic diagram of parity checker and generator/checker. Explain its operation with the help of truth table.
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(b) Design a binary multiplier for following A=1011, B=111
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(a) Define edge triggering in flip flops. Explain Master slave JK Flipflop that solves the problem.of Racearound condition, with diagram.
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(b) Design JK flipflop using SR flipflop.
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(a) Explain the bidirectional shift register with diagram, truth table and clock pulse. Give their applications.
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(b) Differentiate Static RAM and Dynamic RAM.
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(a) Design Modulo 7 counters with truth table and logic diagram.
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(b) Give the application of PLA and PLD.
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(a) Design a combinational circuit with PLA, having three inputs, four product terms and two outputs: F1 (A,B,C)=(3,5,6,7) F2(A,B,C)= (0,2,4,7)
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(b) Explain Johnson's counter with truth table and clock pulses.
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(a) Simplify the Boolean function F together with the don't care conditions 'D' in 9 (i) Sum of products and (ii) Product of Sums
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(b) Construct truth table of a BCD to, 7 segment decoder with active low outputs.
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(a) Design a fourbit magnitude comparator using logic gate.
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(b) Implement the Boolean function f(A,B,C,D)=IIM(1,4,5,7,10,11,13,14) using 4:1 multiplexer with activehigh outputs.
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(a) What is the use of the present and clear inputs in D Flip Flop. Design a Master Slave flipflop with a NAND gates.
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(b) Implement the following function using only NOR gates having a maximum fanin of three:
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(a) Design a multiplexer based logic circuit for a karnaugh map of three variables in which the even maxterms are Os.
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(b) Simplify the logic diagram shown below
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A sequential circuit has two JK flipflops, A and B two inputs x & y and one output, z. The flip flop input functions and the circuit output
functions are as follows: (a) Draw the logic diagram of the circuit.
(b) Tabulate the state table
(c) Derive the nextstate equations for A and B.
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(a) With the help of neat sketches, explain the operation of a MOS static RAM cell and a DRAM cell.
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(b) Briefly describe propagation delay, Power dissipation, speedpower product, fanin and noise margin parameters in logic families.
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(a) Implement a 4K x8 bit RAM using 1Kx4 RAM chips. Use minimum no.of other IC chips.
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(b) Explain the operation of a twisted ring and ring counters and give their state diagram.
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(a) Design a binary ripple counter that counts 000 and 111 and skips the remaining six states that is .0001, 010, 011, 100, 101 and 110. Use
presentable, clearable negative edgetriggered JK flip flops with active
low present and clear inputs. Also determine the frequency of different
flip flop outputs for a given clock frequency, f_{c}.
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(b) Implement BCD to excess 3 code converter using PLA.
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(a) Find the value of x when (292)_{10}=(1204)_{x} .
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(b) Prove that on ANDOR configuration is equivalent to a NANDNAND configuration.
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(c) Explain the operation of an edgetriggered Dtype flipflop.
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(d) Implement EXOR gate using Minimum number of NAND gates.
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(e) Reduce the Boolean Expression
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(f) Use 2's complement to perform MN with given binary Nos. M=11010 N=1101
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(g) Differentiate between Racing and Toggling in Flip flops.
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(h) What is the difference between Asynchronous and synchronous
sequential circuits.
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(i) Explain the working of Universal shift register.
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(j) Obtain a 16:1 multiplexer using two 8:1 multiplexers, one inverter and one two input OR gate.
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What is Demultiplexer? Explain the difference between MUX and DEMUX.
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Explain ripple counter. What's the difference between ripple counter and synchronous counter?
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Explain deMorgan's theorem. Prove the following using De Morgan's theorem:
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Implement EXOR and EXNOR gate using only NOR gates.
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Explain even parity and odd parity. Design a circuit for even parity generator for 3bit message.
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Show block diagram of a 3 bit parallel binary adder.
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Explain the binary multiplication method using the example (1010x1011)
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Design a 3:8 decoder using basic logic gates
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Design a SR latch using 2input NOR gates
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Explain masterslave flipflop
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications.
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications..
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications.
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications.
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications..
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications.
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Explain the advantage of SIPO over SISO. Discuss their applications..
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What is Bidirectional FlipFlop?
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How ripple counter works?
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How ripple counter works?
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Define ring counter.
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